Does spectrum purity work better than networks that band together?
As Telefónica Deutschland (TDO2) claimed its new networks can be "pure 5G" by only using the 3.6GHz band, Light Reading has examined the impact of this new term. Is it an effective marketing spoiler or is there something in the innuendo?
Pure 5G differs from the combined 4G/5G cobbled together by dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS) which its German competitors use to provide continuity and speed the changeover to 5G, TDO2 has said.
Vodafone Germany and Telekom Deutschland both use DSS to ease the rollout of 5G by sharing spectrum between 4G and 5G networks. Vodafone switches 700MHz frequencies back and forth between 4G and 5G using DSS. Telekom Deutschland uses DSS to assign 5MHz of its 2.1GHz band for 4G and 5G when necessary.
Every operator does it
TDO2 admits it uses DSS in its rural networks as it improves its 4G capacity ‘selected areas.’ VDO2 seems to that its 5G deployment over 700MHz is tainted as it is cut with other spectrums in the rush to expand.
DSS has other critics. Nick Read, the CEO of Vodafone Group, is a sceptic despite using it in Germany, the Netherlands and the UK. Neville Ray, president of technology at T-Mobile US, has said the technology isn't ready for prime time.
Despite its misgivings about cutting corners, TDO2 says its 5G network will reach 50 per cent of the German population by the end of 2022. Already 30 per cent coverage is expected by the end of 2021. By 2026 it will cover Germany entirely and it will spend €4 billion ($4.6 billion) on the 5G network by the end of 2022.
NEC conducting Open RAN trials
TDO2 will add to the 3,000 3.6GHz band antennae already installed with new equipment, at a rate of 180 new antenna a week. Half of all the end user devices sold in its shops are 5G smartphones. Once there are enough compatible devices in the market it will deploy the networks it has said.