The European Commission selected firms and research institutes to study design for the planned quantum communication infrastructure (EuroQCI).
The consortium's work is expected to enable ultra-secure communication between critical infrastructures and government institutions across the European Union.
It is led Airbus with members Leonardo, Orange, PwC France and Maghreb, Telespazio (a Leonardo and Thales 67:33 joint venture), the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR) and the Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRiM).
Integration with fibre
The EuroQCI will integrate quantum technologies and systems into terrestrial fibre optic communication networks and a space-based segment to ensuring coverage across the EU and other continents.
The intention is to secure Europe’s encryption systems and critical infrastructures such as government institutions, air traffic control, healthcare facilities, banks and power grids against cyber threats.
Since June 2019, 26 Member States have signed the EuroQCI Declaration, agreeing to work with the Commission, supported by the European Space Agency, towards the development of a quantum communication infrastructure covering the EU.
The long-term plan is for the EuroQCI to become the basis of a quantum internet in Europe, connecting quantum computers, simulators and sensors via quantum networks to distribute information and resources with a state of the art security method.
The first service to make use of it will be quantum key distribution (QKD). The QKD service will transmit encryption keys through quantum communication channels on both terrestrial fibre optic and space laser links. Using quantum photon states makes key distribution immune to vulnerabilities that plague current techniques.
The 15-month study will set out the details of the end-to-end system and design the terrestrial segment supporting the QKD service.
It will develop a detailed implementation roadmap, including the cost and timeline of each implementation phase. In addition, the study will support the European Commission in designing an advanced QCI testing and validation infrastructure including standards.
The objective is to run a EuroQCI demonstrator by 2024 and an initial operational service by 2027.
The consortium includes large system integrators, telco and satcom operators, other service providers and research institutes.
The Commission says the study "will leverage and strengthen the existing contributions in various quantum projects made by each consortium member and will benefit from extensive field experience of the Italian quantum backbone thanks to CNR and INRiM".