Yesterday’s announcement limiting Huawei’s presence in the UK’s full-fibre and 5G networks underlined just how crucial fibre is to 5G – and convergence. But it's not the whole story writes Annie Turner.

John Strand of Strand Consult argues that restricting the use of Huawei and ZTE’s equipment from networks would not harm Europe’s mobile operators, nor meaningfully reduce competition or delay rollout – but it could greatly improve security.

It is just over a year since the world’s first commercial 5G service went live, so this feels like as good a time as any to take stock and assess progress over the past 12 months, says Kester Mann, Director, Consumer and Connectivity, with CCS Insight.

Fuelled by impending 5G, pressure on operators to automate their networks is mounting. So where are European operators in their journeys and what obstacles do they still need to overcome, asks Kate O’Flaherty?