Google has been fined more than €7 million by Russian regulators for the "anti-competitive" pre-installation of its apps onto Android devices.
The country's Federal Antimonopoly Service made the ruling on Monday after finding Google ensured rivals could not pre-install their own applications onto smartphones running its operating system.
Russian smartphone manufacturers would only get access to the Google Play app store if it hit pre-conditions such as pre-installing Android apps including Google Play, placing them prominently on a handset's home screen and making Google the default search engine.
Following the ruling, which marks the end of a two-year legal process, Google said it will no longer demand exclusivity and pre-installation for its apps and search engine, it will take down any barriers for competing apps and services to be pre-installed on a handset's home screen, and will allow rivals to be included in options to set default search.
New Android devices will have a dedicated widget offering a choice of search product, including Russia's Yandex.
Current Android users will be asked to select their default search engine from a range of options upon the next update of the operating system.
Igor Artemiev, Head of the FAS Russia, said: “Implementation of the settlement’s terms will be an effective means to secure competition between developers of mobile applications.
"We managed to find a balance between the necessity to develop the Android ecosystem and interests of third-party developers for promoting their mobile applications and services on Android-based devices.
"The settlement’s execution will have a positive effect on the market as a whole, while giving developers additional options for promoting their products."
This year has witnessed a flurry of disagreements within the telco space, some resulting in legal actions and fines.